what is insurance insurance

By Sawai khatri - August 19, 2019



what is insurance insurance
Understanding How Insurance Works 

what is insurance


   what is insurance

what is insurance


Businesses require special types of insurance policies that insure against specific types of risks faced by a particular business. For example, a fast food restaurant needs a policy that covers damage or injury that occurs as a result of cooking with a deep fryer. An auto dealer is not subject to this type of risk but does require coverage for damage or injury that could occur during test drives.


There are also insurance policies available for very specific needs, such as kidnap and ransom (K&R), medical malpractice, and professional liability insurance, also known as errors and omissions insurance.


Insurance Policy Components

When choosing a policy, it is important to understand how insurance works.

[Important: Three crucial components of insurance policies are the premium, policy limit, and deductible.]
A firm understanding of these concepts goes a long way in helping you choose the policy that best suits your needs.


Premium

A policy's premium is its price, typically expressed as a monthly cost. The premium is determined by the insurer based on your or your business's risk profile, which may include creditworthiness. For example, if you own several expensive automobiles and have a history of reckless driving, you will likely pay more for an auto policy than someone with a single mid-range sedan and a perfect driving record. However, different insurers may charge different premiums for similar policies. So finding the price that is right for you requires some legwork.

Policy Limit

The policy limit is the maximum amount an insurer will pay under a policy for a covered loss. Maximums may be set per period (e.g., annual or policy term), per loss or injury, or over the life of the policy, also known as the lifetime maximum.
Typically, higher limits carry higher premiums. For a general life insurance policy, the maximum amount the insurer will pay is referred to as the face value, which is the amount paid to a beneficiary upon the death of the insured.

Deductible


The deductible is a specific amount the policy-holder must pay out-of-pocket before the insurer pays a claim. Deductibles serve as deterrents to large volumes of small and insignificant claims. Deductibles can apply per-policy or per-claim depending on the insurer and the type of policy. Policies with very high deductibles are typically less expensive because the high out-of-pocket expense generally results in fewer small claims.

Special Considerations

With regard to health insurance, people who have chronic health issues or need regular medical attention should look for policies with lower deductibles. Though the annual premium is higher than a comparable policy with a higher deductible, less expensive access to medical care throughout the year may be worth the trade-off.

Key Takeaways

  • Insurance is a contract (policy) in which an insurer indemnifies another against losses from specific contingencies and/or perils
  • There many types of insurance policies. Life, health, homeowners, and auto are the most common forms of insurance.
  • The components that make up most insurance policies are the deductible, policy limit, and premium.

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